Since semi-trucks weigh many times more than other vehicles on the road, they typically have disastrous consequences when colliding with cars. Over the years, the trends related to large truck accidents change a little bit in a few areas.
One thing that does not change is that a preponderance of deaths come from either pedestrians, motorcyclists or those in passenger vehicles.
Statistics from 2019
The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety reported that 97% of deaths as the result of an accident between a passenger vehicle and a large truck were the occupants of the passenger vehicle. This came to 2,132 deaths for passenger vehicle occupants in 2019 as opposed to 72 for large truck occupants. Other takeaways from the report include the following information:
- Thirty-two percent of deaths in large truck crashes occurred on highways or interstates
- Fifty-two percent occurred on other major roads
- The majority of deaths from large truck crashes occurred during daylight hours
- A very small percentage of truck drivers were drunk at the time of a crash
The report provides a lot of information about crashes involving large trucks and other vehicles. Though some trends show improvements from prior years, the data continues to show the significant impact of large trucks on the roadways.
Additional information from 2018
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration provides information on people killed and injured in crashes involving large trucks from 1975-2018. The trend shows that deaths for occupants of other vehicles steadily rose from 2009 to 2018.
For most years between 1975 and 2008, the data shows that deaths were much higher. A similar pattern occurred for injuries during these time frames, with injuries to passenger vehicle occupants at a low point in 2009 and then steadily rising to at least 2018.